Rabisarani Rabisarani

Before After
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Farewell

2nd January, 1925
Farewell held at Argentina University. A number of distinguished people attend. In reply to a question poet explains the central message of Post Office.
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Embarks

3rd January, 1925
Leaves for Europe by the Italian liner Giulio Cesare with Elmhirst.
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Chair

3rd January, 1925
The doors of his cabin dismantled to let in the chair used by him at Miralrio. It was brought back to India and used by the poet till his death.
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Ocampo's radio-telegram

4th January, 1925
TOMAKE BHALO BASI VIJAYA.
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Poems

January, 1925
Rabindranath writes a few poems on board.
  • Milan9th January
  • Andhakar10th January
  • Pranganga16th January
  • Badal17th January
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Barcelona, Spain

18th January, 1925
Arrives in Barcelona.
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Genoa, Italy

19th January, 1925
Arrives in Genoa.
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Companions

19th January, 1925
His son and daughter-in-law join him here.
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Carlo Formichi

January, 1925
Professor of Sanskrit, Rome University, meets the poet.
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Programme

January, 1925
Rabindranath, Rathindranath, Elmhirst, Formichi and Dr. Zanussi-emissary of Gallaratti Scotti, Duke of Milan-lay their heads together, draw up a programme and send it to the Duke.
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Milan

21st January, 1925
They arrive in Milan to a royal reception headed by Duke Scotti and Guido Cagnola, academics and other personalities.
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Felicitation at the Duke's palace

21st January, 1925
Felicitation at the Duke's palace in the evening. The poet delivers a short speech.
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La Traviata

21st January, 1925
Poet and the other guests, accompanied by the Duke, go to see a performance of Verdi's La Traviata by the orchestra of famous conductor Toscanini.
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Interacts with elite of Milan

22nd January, 1925
Rabindranath interacts with elite of Milan at a meeting in the hotel, Italian assistance for Santiniketan discussed.
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The Voice of Humanity

22nd January, 1925
Delivers an address on The Voice of Humanity at Circolo Filologico Milanese. Prof. Formichi translates the speech into Italian.
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Four thousand children sing for the poet

23rd January, 1925
Four thousand children assembled at People's Theatre welcome him by singing songs. In his farewell speech he says he's overwhelmed and promises that he'l return soon.
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Down with influenza again

24th January, 1925
Down with influenza, advised rest, engagements cancelled.
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Italia

24th January, 1925
Writes a poem on Italy titled Italia, translates it into English for Formichi to render it into Italian. In this poem he takes leave of the great country for the time being and promises to return.
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Doctors urge him to return home

26th January, 1925
Doctors examine him again and urge him to return home for convalescence.
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Romain Rolland

29th January, 1925
Rabindranath writes to Rolland, promises to return to Europe soon and see him.
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Venice

29th January, 1925
Leave Milan, reach Venice; again a festive reception.
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Slightly better

1st February, 1925
Slightly better, swirl of private meetings, unending stream of visitors.
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Letter to Ocampo

1st February, 1925
In a letter to Victoria Ocampo, he talks of coming back to Italy in September and staying put till the middle of October so that she can come over,too.
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Brindisi

4th February, 1925
Sails for India with family and Surendranath Kar. Elmhirst stays back.
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Diary

7th February, 1925
Starts writing a diary on 7th October, 1924 and resumes it today.
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Bombay (now Mumbai)

18th February, 1925
Arrives at Bombay.
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Kolkata

23rd February, 1925
Arrives at Kolkata.
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Ranu's marriage has been finalized

February, 1925
Poet is relieved and pleased to learn from Phanibhusan's letter (received in Bombay) that arrangements have been finalised for Ranu's marriage with Birendranath Mukherjee, son of industrialist Sir Rajendralal Mukherjee.
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Letter to Romain Rolland

25th February, 1925
In a moving letter to Rolland expresses his misgivings about the readiness of his country to accept his message of world unity and mission of Visva-Bharati in the existing situation. Goes on to say that he pins his hopes on friends like Rolland.
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Santiniketan

1925
Indeed he discovers upon arrival here that Santinikrtan is itself a microcosm of the country at large. Most of the teachers and workers are followers of Ganghiji, even Nandalal and Bidhusekhar are among them and Charkha-spinning is all the rage.
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Writes to Ocampo

4th March, 1925
Writes to Victora Ocampo that it is unlikely that he'll be able to leave for Europe before August,1925.
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Jyotirindranath Tagore dies

4th March, 1925
Jyotirindranath Tagore (Rabindranath's elder brother) dies in Ranchi. He was 76. Mourning in Santiniketan.
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Count keyserling

5th March, 1925
writes to the poet requesting him to contribute to his proposed Book of Marriage. The poet's contribution is translated into English by Surendranath Tagore.
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Storm

10th March, 1925
Spring festival slated to be held in Amrakunja cancelled due to rain and storm. The following songs feature in the programme of the festival:
  • Aaj ki tahar barata
  • Tomai cheye basey achhi
  • Nai jadi ba ele tumi
  • Phire phire daak dekhi re
  • Phagun hawai rangey rangey
  • Eki maya! Lookao kaya jirna
  • Mora bhangba, tapas, bhangba
  • Ohe sundara mori mori
  • Laha laha tule laha
  • Oki elo, oki elo na
  • Kusume kusume charan chinha
  • Je kebal paliye berai
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Rudrabeshe kemon khela kalo megher bhrukuti

10th March, 1925
Even when the storm is raging, Rabindranath writes a new song Rudrabeshe kemon khela kalo megher bhrukuti
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Chirakumar Sabha

25th March, 1925
Art Theatre Ltd. offers to buy the performance rights of this play. The poet agrees.
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Discussion with Dilipkumar Roy

1925
Poet in Kolkata. Discusses the prospects and future of Rabindrasangeet with Dwijendralal Roy's son and musicologist Dilipkumar Roy. The poet firmly holds his ground that he will never permit anyone to take liberties with or alter the melodic structure of his songs in any way. Thus begins the long-lived debate over music between the two.
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Dorothy marries Elmhirst

4th April, 1925
Dorothy Whitney Straight, who has till now funded the development of Sriniketan and will continue to do so, marries Elmhirst.
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Konark

13th April, 1925
The Konark House is renovated and a musical programme called Sundar is performed here in the evening on the last day of the Bengali year.
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Last day

13th April, 1925
On the last day of the Bengali year Rabindranath prays in the temple in the evening and gives a short address.
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Naba-varsha

14th April, 1925
(New year) celebrated in the ashram. Rabindranath prays in the temple in the morning and delivers a sermon which is printed under the title Nabavarsha in Santiniketan(Baisakh issue).
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Marriage

22nd April, 1925
Kalidas Nag marries Shanta Devi Ramananda Chatterji's daughter. Poet unable to attend.
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Structure

1925
To facilitate teaching, research and other academic activities Visva-Bharati now consists of three parts, namely, Pathabhaban, Sikshabhaban and Vidyabhaban. The first is the school, the second provides college education while the third institution concentrates on research.
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Sikshasatra

1925
Founded by Santoshchandra Majumdar at Sriniketan chiefly for poor students.
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65th birthday

7th May, 1925
His 65th birthday celebrated with flourish at Santiniketan with Kolkata literati descending on Santiniketan in strength for the purpose. Gandhiji sends a cable congratulating the poet who most probably writes the song Marubijoyer ketan udao for this occasion.
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Ranu at Santiniketan

21st May, 1925
Before her marriage her father Phanibhusan Adhikari brings Ranu to Santiniketan (as the poet wished in a letter written to her) and spends a few days here. Then they proceed to Kolkata. The marriage takes pace in Kolkata on June 28,1925.Rabindranath attends the wedding.
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Gandhiji visits Santiniketan

29th May, 1925
Now touring Bengal to propagate the programme of Charkha and Khadi, Gandhiji visits Santiniketan to hold a dialogue with the poet who has serious reservations about the Gandhian programme.
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Gandhiji meets Dwijendranath

30th May, 1925
Meets poet's elder brother Dwijendranath a devoted Gandhian and then holds along meeting with Rabindranath. Only Andrews is present at the meeting. Obviously their differences persist.
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Gandhiji visits Surul centre of agricultural activities

31st May, 1925
Visits the Surul centre of agricultural activities and expresses satisfaction. Meets the poet again and a long dialogue takes place.
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Bishop

31st May, 1925
Frederick Bohn Fisher, Bishp of the Methodist Church,Kolkata is in Santiniketan with hs wife and meets both rabindranath and Gandhiji.
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Gandhiji interacts with the boys and girls

31st May, 1925
Gandhiji interacts with the boys and girls of the ashram in the afternoon.
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Gandhiji leaves for Darjeeling

2nd June, 1925
Leaves for Darjeeling to see the ailing Chittaranjan there.
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Deshbandhu dies

16th June, 1925
Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das (1870-1925) dies in Darjeeling at the age of 55.
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Chittaranjan Sebasadan Hospital

25th June, 1925
Rabindranath arrives in Kolkata, meets Chittaranjan's bereaved family. A few days later writes the celebrated four-line poem in aid of a memorial fund for the conversion of the departed leader's palatial residence into a hospital (Chittaranjan Sebasadan) Enechhile sathe kore Mrityuhin pran. Marane tahai tumi Kore gele daan.
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Charka

July, 1925
Complyiing with Gandhiji's request to put his views in black and white, Rabindranath writes Charka (Sabuj Patra- Bhadra issue). It at once results in an intense political polemic. The English translation The Cult of the Charka (by Surendranath Tagore) is published in The Modern Review (September,1925). Swarajsadhan, His next essay in which he again attacks the Gandhian programme and the philosophy behind it, intensifies the polemic when it appears in print (Sabuj Patra- Ashwin issue).
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Songs

July, 1925
Several songs are written in this period (from May to July).
  • Oi akash pare sudhai bhare 16th June
  • Achho akash pane tuley matha
  • Tar hathe chhilo hashir
  • Maraner mukhey rekhey durey
  • Abelai jadi esechho
  • Dwarey keno diley nada
  • Gaan amar jai bhesey jai
  • Ogo ashader purnima aaji
  • Jetey dao gelo jara
  • Gahan ratey sravan dhara
  • Kotha je udhao holo
  • Jani jani holo jabar aeojan
  • Sakhi andhare ekela gharey
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Agreements

18th July, 1925
With more and more offers for making plays and films of Rabindranath's stories and novels coming their way,Visva-Bharati enters into quite a few agreements towards this end.
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Chirakumar Sabha

18th July, 1925
Dramatised version of the novel Prajaptir Nirbandha is performed at The Star Theatre. Highly innovative and powerful production. Effusive praise in press reviews.
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Varsha-mangal

19th July, 1925
Rabindranath performed at Santiniketan.
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Second performance

25th July, 1925
Second performance; Rabindranath present.
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Kolkata

9th August, 1925
Arrives in Kolkata, ready to leave for Europe.
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Continental tour

13th August, 1925
Cancelled because Dr.Nilratan Sircar says he is not fit to travel and advises complete rest.
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Sends cable to Romain Rolland

17th August, 1925
Sends cable to Romain Rolland in Switzerland saying that he's compelled to cancel the tour because of the frail state of his health.
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Letter from Rolland

18th August, 1925
Rolland is bitterly disappointed because he had already made extensive arrangements for the poet's visit to Europe including a few days' rest at a Swiss sanatorium near his residence. Gives highly restrained expression to his feelings in a letter written to the poet.
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Purabi published

August, 1925
Anthology Purabi is published.
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Lord Satyendraprasanna Sinha visits Santiniketan

August, 1925
Lord Satyendraprasanna Sinha visits santiniketan Sriniketan and very pleased with what he sees, promises a donation of Rs 10000/-.
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Letter to Satyendraprasanna

19th August, 1925
Rabindranath writes to Satyendraprasanna thanks him gratefully for the large donation.
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Trust Deed

22nd August, 1925
Poet signs the new trust deed. Rathindranath and Surendranath made trustees. This deed provides for Meera Devi, Nadita and Pratima Devi.
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Reply from poet to Rolland's letter dated 18th August, 1925

23rd August, 1925
Rabindranath writes almost apologetically to Rolland admitting that the Gandhian movement has caused him more anguish than he can bear and that a retreat to Europe is in these circumstances his only chance of recovering from the state of weariness which has engulfed him.
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Invitation from Bombay(now Mumbai)

1925
The poet invited to the Convocation of Bombay University held on 18th August. Vice-Chancellor Sir C.H. Sitalvad extends the invitation. Rabindranath declines on grounds of frail health and states in his letter "…as it is the nature of truth to respond to truth we only prove an inertness of our own culture when in a fit of foolish pride we reject the best that Europe offers to us today and thus help to prolog for ourselves the dark period of dominance of all that is worst in Western character."
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Seshvarshan

9th September, 1925
Varshamangal previously performed in Santiniketan is amplified and dramatised by the poet and performed at Vichitragriha, Jorasanko as Seshvarshan. It blends elements of pantomime, opera, symbolic presentation and declamation into a homogeneous whole.
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Songs

September, 1925
24 songs are sung in Seshvarshan.
  • Gaan amar jai bhesey jai
  • Kotha je udhao holo
  • Olo sephali
  • Jhare jharajhara jhara bhadara badara
  • Tomar naam janiney
  • Aaj sravaner purnimatey
  • Je chhayarey dharba boley
  • Amar raat pohalo
  • Asrubhara bedana dikey dikey
  • Bandhu raho raho sathey
  • Hey kshaniker atithi
  • Shyamal shovan Sravan tumi
  • Eso nipabane chhayabithitaley
  • Dharanir gaganer milaner chhandey
  • Pathik megher dal jotey oi
  • Dekho shuktara ankhi meli chai
  • Eso Sarater amal mahima
  • Ebar abagunthana kholo
  • Kar banshi nishibhorey bajilo
  • Bajramanik diye gantha
  • Poob hawate dei dola
  • Oi asey oi ati
  • Ogo Sephali baner moner kamana
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Seshvarshan

17th September, 1925
Special performance in honour of Lord and Lady Lytton and the King and Queen of Beljium.
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M. Sanger

30th September, 1925
Famous American social worker and exponent of birth control Dr. Margaret Sanger had already written to him asking for his opinion on the issue, particularly in view of Gandhiji's obscurantist opposition. Rabindranath writes "I am of opinion that Birth Control movement is a great movement not only because it will save women from enforced and undesirable maternity, but because it will help the cause of peace by lessening the number of surplus population of a country scrambling for food and space outside its own rightful limits."
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Romain Rolland

5th October, 1925
Poet contributes an article to a volume being brought out in honour of Rolland on his 60th birth anniversary.
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Kolkata

7th October, 1925
Comes to the city for medical treatment of an aiment of the ear.
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Play Grihaprabesh

12th October, 1925
Grihaprabesh is published.
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Carlo Formichi

21st November, 1925
Italian Indologist (already aquainted with poet during Italian trip) arrives in Santiniketan as guest-lecturer in response to the poet's earlier invitation with a collection of Italian books and a letter from Italian prime minister Mussolini in which he promises to send Prof. Tucci to Santiniketan as a teacher of Italian with another sizable consignment of Italian classics and album of paintings.
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Poet sends cable to Mussolini

22nd November, 1925
Poet sends a cable to Mussolini expressing gratitude for his gift and offer of collaboration.
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Governor

24th November, 1925
Lord and lady Lytton visit Santiniketan and see the poet.
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Letter to Acharya Prafullachandra Roy about Gaddalika

4th December, 1925
Rabindranath highly admires Rajsekhar Basu's Gaddalika surely a landmark in Bengali literature and gives vent to this praise in a letter he writes to Acharya Prafullachandra Roy, Basu's employer.
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Lord Satyendraprasanna Sinha pays another visit to Santiniketan

9th December, 1925
Pays another visit to Santiniketan, hands over half the donation promised and promises to pay the other half soon.
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Subhaschandra writes a letter in English on arts

10th November, 1925
Subhaschandra, now in Mandalay jail, writes a letter in English on arts and related subjects to his friend Dilipkumar Roy who sends the letter to Rabindranath. The poet writes back to Dilip praising Subhas's letter yet disagreeing with him in his vews.
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The first conference of Indian Philosophical Congress

19th December, 1925
The first conference of Indian Philosophical Congress held in Kolkata at the initiative of Calcutta University. Rabindranath delivers an address on The Philosophy of our People.
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Grihaprabesh – third performance of the play

19th December, 1925
The poet sees the third performance of the play at the Star Theatre staged by Art Theatre.
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Poush Utsav

22nd December, 1925
Rabindranath prays in the temple at Santiniketan, delivers a sermon.
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Annual session

24th December, 1925
Visva-Bharati Parishad held in Amra-kunj. Poet presides.
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Death

December, 1925
Sun Yat-sen dies.
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