Rabisarani Rabisarani

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Poet returns to Calcutta (now Kolkata)

2nd January, 1905
Rabindranath returns to Calcutta (now Kolkata) from Shilaidaha.
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Poet's guests also return to Calcutta (now Kolkata)

2nd January, 1905
Jagadish Chandra, his wife Abala Bose and Sister Nivedita who were Rabindranath's guests at Shilaidaha also return to Calcutta (now Kolkata).
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Sister Nivedita's feelings towards the Poet

5th January, 1905
Sister Nivedita has mixed feelings towards the poet enmeshed in psychological complexities which are reflected in her letter to Mrs. Bull.
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Maharaja (the king) of Tripura arrives Calcutta (now Kolkata)

January, 1905
Maharaja (the king) of Tripura, Radhakishoredev Manikya, a close friend of Rabindranath, arrives Calcutta (now Kolkata).
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Maharaja (the king) of Tripura goes to Santiniketan

7th January, 1905
Radhakishoredev Manikya, Maharaja (the king) of Tripura goes to Santiniketan with the poet; it's his second visit to the place.
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Sir Henry Cotton

11th January, 1905
Sir Henry Cotton well known for his opposition to the partition of Bengal felicitated at an evening dinner party in the city. Many of the poet's friends attend the party.
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Raja o Rani (a poem from the book of poems Sishu Bholanath) is performed

11th January, 1905
Raja o Rani (a poem from the book of poems Sishu Bholanath. It is a famous work of Tagore for the children) is performed at Minerva Theater.
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Brahmasangeet Swaralipi (Part 1) is published

14th January, 1905
Brahmasangeet Swaralipi (Part 1) prepared by Kangalicharan Sen is published with the Tagores' financial help.
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Brahmasangeet Swaralipi (Part 1) is dedicated to Jyotirindranath

14th January, 1905
Kangalicharan Sen dedicates the book Brahmasangeet Swaralipi (Part 1) to Jyotirindranath.
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Maharshi Debendranath Tagore dies

19th January, 1905
Poet's father Maharshi Debendranath passes away after a prolonged illness. He was 88.
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75th Maghotsav (the main annual festival of Brhama Samaj) is held

24th January, 1905
75th Maghotsav (the main annual festival of Brahma Samaj which is held on 11th Magha according to the Bengali calendar) is held in a mournful atmosphere after Maharshi's death.
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Rabindranath addresses the audience in the 75th Maghotsav festival

24th January, 1905
Rabindranath addresses the audience in the 75th Maghotsav festival, which is later printed in the Bharati, Phalgun issue, (Bharati is a Bengali monthly magazine founded by poet's eldest brother Dwijendranath) titled as -- Maharshir Lokantar Gaman.
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Tagore's eight songs are sung during the 75th Maghotsav festival

24th January, 1905
Tagore's eight songs are sung in the morning and evening sessions during the 75th Maghotsav festival
  • Saktirupa hero tanr
  • (Amar) mon tumi nath
  • Garaba mama harechha prabhu 6th June, 1904
  • Nisithasayane bhebe rakhi mone 1902
  • Sakala garba door kari diba
  • Je keha morey diyechho sukh 7th June, 1904
  • Danrao amar ankhiro agey 3rd June, 1904
  • Aji jata tara tabo akashe 5th June, 1904
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Maharshi Debendranath Tagore's sraddha (obsequies) performed

29th January, 1905
Poet's father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore's obsequies or sraddha is performed.
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Poet prays for his departed father Debendranath on the sraddha (obsequies) ceremony

29th January, 1905
On sraddha (obsequies) ceremony of his departed father Debendranath, poet prays for his father, later which was published in Charitrapuja, a collection of essays written by the poet offering a tribute to great men.
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Noukadubi is being serialised in Bangadarshan

1905
The Magha (Jan-Feb) issue of Noukadubi, a famous novel of Rabindranath is published in Bangadarshan (a monthly Bengali magazine founded by Bankimchandra Chattopadhaya in 1872, later which was revived by Rabindranath in 1901). This novel is being published in serial format.
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Dineshchandra Sen

1905
Dineshchandra Sen, like others who need assistance receives Rs 50/- from Rabindranath. Assistance disbursed as directed by the late Maharshi in his will.
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Bangiya Sahitya Parishad mourns Maharshi's death

4th February, 1905
A special meeting of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad held to mourn Maharshi Debendranath Tagore's death.
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Rabindranath attends Swamiji's birthday celebration at Belur Math

5th February, 1905
Rabindranath and Jagadishchandra attend Swami Vivekananda's birthday celebration at Belur Math.
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Poet arrives in Santiniketan

18th February, 1905
Rabindranath arrives in Santiniketan.
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Bidhusekhar Shastri is appointed as Sanskrit teacher at Santiniketan school

24th February, 1905
Bidhusekhar Shastri arrives from Benaras to work as Sanskrit teacher at Santiniketan school and a life long association with the poet begins.
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Kusumato San is appointed as carpentry teacher at Santiniketan

February, 1905
Kusumato San, a Japanese carpenter is engaged to teach carpentry to the students at Santiniketan around this time.
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A memorial meeting for late Maharshi Debendranath Tagore

3rd March, 1905
A memorial meeting held at Town Hall in honour of poet's father late Maharshi Debendranath Tagore. Gopalkrishna Gokhale attends the meeting.
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Bangiya Sahitya Parishad invites Tagore

5th March, 1905
Bangiya Sahitya Parishad, a literary society established on 1893, invites the poet to articulate the anger and agony felt in his inimitable way.
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Reads Safalatar Sadupaya

11th March, 1905
Rabindranath thus reads his famous essay Safalatar Sadupaya at a meeting held at the National Assemblies Institution.
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Special meeting of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad's executive committee

19th March, 1905
At a special meeting of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad's executive committee, it discusses poet's proposals for its development and expansion. Poet present at the meeting.
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Pournamashi Sabha

20th March, 1905
Attends a hilarious, fun-filled session of the Pournamashi Sabha formed by Dwijendralal Roy at his Sookea St. residence.
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Bangiya Sahitya Parishad convenes a meeting of students

30th March, 1905
Acting on Rabindranath's proposals, Bangiya Sahitya Parishad convenes a meeting of students to present to them Rabindranath's programme of constructive, patriotic service and rural reconstruction.
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Chhatrader Prati Sambhasan

30th March, 1905
In this long and famous address to the students, Rabindranath who is steadily emerging as a major educationists and thinker of original vision of his time, tells a massive gathering of students assembled at the Classic Theatre in words unrivaled for eloquence and intensity, "...I know for certain that the fine incisive chords in your hearts, luminous like fibers made of the morning rays of the sun and easily capable of being struck by melodies of noble desires have not yet started rusting due to lack of use....when the country is humiliated, your heart glows like a pent-up fire erupting at last...your concern for the country, your anxiety to eradicate poverty and ignominy...invade your mind when you happen to be awake at night or enjoying your quiet leisure during the day..."
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Visits Santiniketan

1st April, 1905
Goes to Santiniketan.
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Rabindranath becomes vice-president of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad

4th April, 1905
Rabindranath is invited to be vice-president of the literary society Bangiya Sahitya Parishad. He will continue to hold this office till 1909-10.
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Poet decides to sell his house at Santiniketan

11th April, 1905
To meet the mounting expenses of the school, poet decides to sell off his house and adjoining plot of land at Puri, writes to Satyaprasad to this effect.
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Rabindranath becomes editor of Bhandar magazine

14th April, 1905
In April 1905 a monthly magazine named Bhandar is established by Dr. Kedarnath Dasgupta, a scolar and a strong supporter of Indian Independence Movement. On request of Dr. Dasgupta, Rabindranath becomes the editor of the Bhandar magazine. The purpose of this magazine is to spread the idealism of 'Swadeshi Movement' among people.
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Imperialism

April, 1905
In this short yet critical article published in the Bharati (Baisakh issue) Rabindranath tears into the western ideology of imperialism.
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Ties with Dwijendralal Roy are snapped

6th May, 1905
In his reply to Dwijendralal's letter Rabindranath, while displaying remarkable restraint, effectively delivers a broadside. His ties with Dwijendralal Roy are finally and irrevocably snapped.
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Vignyansabha

19th May, 1905
In this article published in the Bhandar (Jaistha issue) the poet suggests that the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science founded by Dr. Mahendralal Sarkar (1876) should seek the help of scientists and writers like Jagadishchandra, Prafullachandra and Jogeshchandra Roy to develop dedicated students and popularise science topics through the mother tongue.
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Close relationship with Tripura royal family

June, 1905
Very close relationship with the royal family of Tripura.
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Trouble in Tripura Royal Family

June, 1905
Maharaja Radhakishoredev Manikya of Tripura is beset with trouble, expels his brother from Tripura for the latter's intransigence.
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Rabindranath writes to Radhakishore

14th June, 1905
Rabindranath writes a long letter to Radhakishore giving him useful advice on many issues.
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Travels to Tripura

June, 1905
Most probably Rabindranath travels to Tripura by June end.
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Bangadarshan

18th June, 1905
In this Ashad issue the last instalment of the serialised novel Noukadubi is printed.
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Shesh Kheya

18th June, 1905
It also contains the immensely popular poem (later turned into a song) Shesh Kheya.
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Invitation from Tripura

1905
Maharaja (the king) of Tripura, Radhakishore Manikya invites Rabindranath to presides over the Tripura Sahitya Sammelan (literary meet at Tripura) which will be held at Agartala.'
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Tripura Sahitya Sammelan

1905
The poet presides over Tripura Sahitya Sammelan (literary meet at Tripura) held at Agartala.
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Deshiya Rajya

1st July, 1905
Rabindranath reads essay Deshiya Rajya related to the current social and political situation of India in the inauguration of Tripura Sahitya Sammelan (literary meet).
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Rabindranath leaves Agartala, Tripura

3rd July, 1905
Poet leaves Agartala after the completion of Tripura Sahitya Sammelan (literary meet).
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Poet returns to Calcutta (now Kolkata) from Tripura

5th July, 1905
Rabindranath returns to Calcutta (Kolkata) from Tripura after the completion of Tripura Sahitya Sammelan.
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Bhandar magazine Ashad edition published

9th July, 1905
Bhandar magazine Ashad (3rd month of Bengali calendar) edition appears for public, rich with Poet's contributions. He writes three poems in Japanese rhythm praising their achievements in nation-building (in future it will be included in Chanda).
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Parishad

15th July, 1905
Attends the second monthly meeting of the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad.
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Muktipash

23rd July, 1905
Writes Muktipash.
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Patriotic song by Tagore

25th July, 1905
A contemporary newspaper The Telegraph reported, "Before the proceedings of the meeting were commenced, the patriotic song composed on this occasion by babu Rabindranath Tagore was sung in a chorus…..The first song was again sung after the address of the President."
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Subhakshan

29th July, 1905
In Santiniketan now, he writes seven poems
  • Subhakshan 29th July, 1905
  • Tyag 29th July, 1905
  • Prabhate 29th July, 1905
  • Balika Badhu 31st July, 1905
  • Kheya 31st July, 1905
  • Anabashyak 10th August, 1905
  • Anahata 11th August, 1905
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Dukhhamurti

July, 1905
Writes Dukhhamurti. With these poems the Kheya cycle gets under way. The spiritual note permeates the poems of this phase more substantially than before and consequently the experiential elements are more inextricably blended in the texture of the verse.
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Ghater Path

July, 1905
Writes Ghater Path.
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Kolkata

12th August, 1905
Returns to Kolkata where the anti-partition (Swadeshi) movement is gathering momentum.
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Two Poems

13th August, 1905
Writes two poems:
  • Agaman 13th August, 1905
  • Agaman 14th August, 1905
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Bratadharan

August, 1905
Writes this important article most probably at Hiranmoyee's request.
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Abastha o Byabastha

25th August, 1905
Reads this article at a meeting held in the Town Hall as part of a series of lectures organised by the weekly New India edited by Bipinchandra Pal.
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Urges judicious use of the boycott weapon

25th August, 1905
Poet Urges judicious use of the boycott weapon in a constructive spirit and above all, almost prophetically, Hindu-Muslim unity and harmony; the two keynotes which will invariably characterize his approach to the whole issue of anti-colonial movement in the months and years ahead. Bipinchandra and Rabindranath hold similar views on these issues. Bipinchandra writes a number of articles in the Bangadarshan taking a stance similar to the poet's during this period.
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Town Hall meeting

25th August, 1905
Rabindranath also urges the founding of Bangiya Sahitya Parishad branches in all the districts.
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Amar Sonar Bangla

25th August, 1905
In recorded history this song is perhaps the first sung at this meeting. Amar Sonar Bangla was in all probability already composed during the poet's last visit to Santiniketan.
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Baul tune

25th August, 1905
Rabindranath sets his most famous song to the popular folk baul tune used in a folk song sung to him Gagan Harkara, a postal peon in Shilaidaha.
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Procession of more than 4000 persons

3rd September, 1905
Later in the evening, "...more than four thousand persons including college and school students, bare-footed and holding flags in hand came in procession singing a national song composed by babu Rabindranath Tagore…"
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Daan

11th September, 1905
Writes the poem Daan in Giridih.
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Ghate

12th September, 1905
Writes Ghate.
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Rabindranath writes a number of patriotic song

September, 1905
Though he's away from Kolkata - the swadeshi nerve-centre of the gathering storm, the ripples reach him too. He is powerfully moved, becomes the master minstrel of the upsurge increasingly convulsing Bengal and produces a number of patriotic songs, almost each a masterpiece, in a month of tremendous creative artistry not very often seen even in his career, notable alike for its length and continuous development.
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Presides over a meeting

27th September, 1905
Back in Kolkata; presides over a meeting attended by Ramendrasundar Trivedi, Suresh Samajpati, Srishchandra Sarbadhikari, Amritalal Basu, Manaranjan Guhathakurta, Nagendranath Ghosh, Surendranath Tagore etc.
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Rakhi bandhan

27th September, 1905
The meeting at Calcutta (now Kolkata) endorses Rabindranath's proposal that, "..if partition of Bengal were carried out on the 16th of October next the people of entire Bengal..should celebrate the day as an occasion of their union…by exchange of yellow thread between the people of eastern and western Bengal on that day...". This is the first recorded instance of Rakhi-bandhan being urged as a symbolic measure of protest against partition.
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Banglar mati Banglar jal

September, 1905
Rabindranath writes his universally known song Banglar mati Banglar jal (Soil of Bengal, Water of Bengal) to protest against 'Partition of Bengal' movement, the song is due to be sung on Rakhi bandhan occasion.
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Song

September, 1905
Poet writes the song Bhubaneswara hey.
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Swadesh

27th September, 1905
Swadesh, a collection of patriotic songs and poems of Tagore is published.
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Giridih

29th September, 1905
Poet returns to Giridih from Calcutta (now Kolkata) after the meeting that held regarding the plan of Rakhi bandhan occasion in protest of 'Partition of Bengal'.
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Baul

30th September, 1905
Published, consists of twenty songs very recently composed.
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Poet attends Sarala Devi's wedding

4th October, 1905
From Giridih Rabindranath goes to Deoghar to attend Sarala Devi's (daughter of poet's elder sister Swarnakumari Devi) wedding.
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Wedding of Sarala Devi

4th October, 1905
Sarala Devi, daughter of poet's elder sister Swarnakumari Devi, marries Rambhaja Dutta Chowdhury, a Punjabi brahmin.
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Returns from Deoghar

6th October, 1905
Rabindranath returns from Giridih.
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Letter reveals his patriotic mood

7th October, 1905
A letter written to Brajendrakishore Devbarma at this time reflects his patriotic mood - "I request you to discard British goods and use indigenous things instead as far as possible, and you had better be prepared to endure ridicule for this…"
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Returns to attend Bijoya Sammilani

8th October, 1905
Returns to Kolkata to attend historic 'Bijoya Sammilani'.
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His songs are sung everywhere

October, 1905
His songs are sung everywhere, his wonderfully written speeches strike chords in the hearts of people. So the poet's in demand.
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A vast assembly of about 5000 people

9th October, 1905
A vast assembly of about 5000 people including the elite and eminence grise of Kolkata celebrates Bijoya Sammilani in an unprecedented display of new-found ardor unity and resolve which the poet powerfully articulates in his patriotic songs sung on the occasion.
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Song at Bijoya Sammilani

9th October, 1905
The Bengalee reported, "Babu Rabindranath Tagore himself treated the gentlemen present with some of his well known songs."
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Poet reads his article Bijoya Sammilan

9th October, 1905
Poet also reads his article Bijoya-sammilan on this occasion and significantly reaches out to the Muslims too, on the occasion of what's basically a Hindu social ritual displaying, once more, rare foresight.
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Report from The Bengalee

13th October, 1905
The Bengalee (13th October) reports, "…Babu Rabindranath Tagore has composed a beautiful song in connection with the 'Rakhi Bandhan ceremony' which is to be held on the 16th October. This and the special hymn (Banglar Mati Banglar Jal) composed for the occasion, printed on nice country-made cards and also the 'Rakhi Threads' are now being sold at the Bhandar office no 7, Cornwallis Street, Calcutta (now Kolkata)."
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Rakhi bandhan cards

October, 1905
Rabindranath sends these cards (which were made for invitation of Rakhi-bandhan ceremony) to Jagadishchandra, Jadunath Sarkar and Aswinikumar Dutta of Bariswal.
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Rakhi bandhan – a gesture of unity

16th October, 1905
Movement against Partition of Bengal assumes the form of a symbolic purifying bath in the Ganga and tying rakhi round the wrist of whoever comes your way as a gesture of unity.
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Foundation stone laid for Federation Hall

16th October, 1905
At a massive rally of about fifty thousand people, the foundation stone laid for Federation Hall on Upper Circular Road (now Acharya Prafulla Chandra Road).
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A 'proclamation' for Federation Hall

16th October, 1905
The event of laying foundation stone for Federation Hall is presided by renowned lawyer, senior leader of the Indian National Congress, and one of the founders of Sadharan Brahmo Samaj - Anandamohan Basu. He is very ill at that time. Hence a 'proclamation' signed by him and read by Surendranath Banerjee pledges to "do everything in our power to counteract the evil effects of the dismemberment of our Province and to maintain the integrity of our race." Rabindranath reads the Bengali version of the proclamation.
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A mammoth crowd walks along Upper Circular Road

16th October, 1905
After the foundation stone is laid for Federation Hall, a mammoth crowd walks along Upper Circular Road all the way to Pasupatinath Basu's mansion at Bagbazar in a vast procession which includes the poet and sings his songs as it goes.
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A Jatiya Bhandar or national fund is set up

16th October, 1905
At the next meeting of the day held at Basu mansion, Bagbazar, a Jatiya Bhandar or national fund is set up. Rs 30,000/- collected. Poet contributes one hundred rupees.
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First phase of Swadeshi Movement

October, 1905
In this first phase of the Swadeshi Movement (a movement for national independence in India boycotting foreign goods and encouraging the use of domestic products) the poet attends five meetings, reads speeches at two and the Bengali version of a proclamation at one of these meetings.
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A protest meeting presided over by barrister Abdul Rasul

24th October, 1905
At a protest meeting presided over by barrister Abdul Rasul the Circular is denounced and the resolve to establish a national university declared, thus in effect endorsing, however belatedly Rabindranath's agenda of creating an education system free of government control and based on Indian values.
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Poet addresses a chiefly Muslim audience

26th October, 1905
The poet addresses a chiefly Muslim audience at a meeting held near Mullickbajar Tram depot at Calcutta (now Kolkata). The meeting is presided over by Abdul Rasul. Manoranjan Guhathakurta, Bipinchandra Pal etc. also speak.
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A meeting of over one thousand college students

27th October, 1905
A meeting of over one thousand college students of Calcutta (now Kolkata) colleges held at Charuchandra Mullick's pataldanga residence. Rabindranath presides. Bhupendranath Basu, Bipinchandra Pal, Satishchandra Mukherjee etc. also attend.
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Meeting rejects Carlyle Circular

27th October, 1905
The meeting held at Calcutta (now Kolkata) rejects Carlyle Circular, Rabindranath upholds students' right to protest and stresses the need for alternative arrangements of education.
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Appeal to all sisters in Bengal

29th October, 1905
An appeal is made to all sisters in Bengal urging them to donate to the National Fund.
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Author of the appeal

29th October, 1905
Rabindranath is a signatory to and perhaps also the author of the appeal.
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Meeting of students held in the evening at Field & Academy building

2nd November, 1905
At another meeting of students held in the evening at Field & Academy building, the same questions crop up. Poet presides. He says the time has arrived for setting up a national university. Hirendranath Dutta also speaks.
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Anti-circular Society formed at a massive students' rally

4th November, 1905
Anti-circular Society formed at a massive students' rally held in Goldighi. Society appeals to students to give up official educational institutions and join the proposed national university.
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Meeting organised by the Dawn Society

5th November, 1905
At a meeting organised by the Dawn Society, Satishchandra Mukherjee - founder of the society, Hirendranath Dutta and Rabindranath address almost two thousand students. Some students also speak.
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Poet reiterates

5th November, 1905
Poet reiterates that if the students are really keen to break with education provided by the government, the leaders then must take necessary steps to set up a national university but initial efforts are unlikely to fulfill all expectations. It is seen that when the movement brings the education question to the fore, he enthusiastically displays his readiness to associate himself with whatever efforts are being made in this direction.
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Poet leaves for Tripura

6th November, 1905
Rabindranath leaves for Tripura.
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Meeting related to national university

12th November, 1905
At another protest meeting held in Kolkata and presided over by Bipinchandra Pal, Nivedita, Aswinikumar Banerjee, Brahmabandhab Upadhaya, Ashutosh Chowdhury speak and assure students that the leaders are trying to set up a national university.
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A historic meeting held at the Park St. office of The Bengal land Holders' Association

16th November, 1905
At a historic meeting held at the Park St. office of The Bengal land Holders' Association the cream of Calcutta (now Kolkata) society assembles. Rabindranath is present at the meeting.
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National Council of Education

16th November, 1905
Meeting resolves to constitute a National Council of Education to impart literary, scientific and technical education to the youth of Bengal.
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Provisional Committee formed

16th November, 1905
Provisional Committee formed to pave the way for the proposed Council; poet on the committee.
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Students assemble at Pantir Math

17th November, 1905
Students assemble at Pantir Math to receive the good news. Surendranath presides, Rabindranath also speaks.
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Chokher Bali

26th November, 1905
A dramatised version of the novel performed in the evening at Classic Theatre. Performance directed by well known actor of the day -- Amarendranath Dutta who plays Mahendra.
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Prov. Committee

2nd December, 1905
At its second meeting held at Indian Association hall, the Committee finalises the draft plan of a national university and prepares its report. Rabindranath attends meeting.
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Away to Santiniketan

December, 1905
He's away in Santiniketan and spends a month there, exposing himself to the peace and solitude of the place.
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Letter to Manoranjan Bandopadhyay

11th December, 1905
In a letter written to Manoranjan Bandopadhyay about this time he says, "…You can never tell when the crowd will call (me) again and I will have to say goodbye to the solitude…"
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Sikshar Andolan

12th December, 1905
Kedarnath Dasgupta's booklet Sikshar Andolan carrying a long introduction by the poet published.
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Letter to Ramendrasundar

12th December, 1905
Somewhat disenchanted by the posturing of the leaders, poet writes to Ramendrasundar, "What's the use of dragging me into all this? It will only hurt my head if I go on dashing my head when the country is not in fact ready yet." Years later poet will tell Sajanikanta Das that he didn't see another noble-hearted man like Ramendrasundar.
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Revamping his school at Santiniketan

December, 1905
Poet is now busy revamping his school at Santiniketan after a considerable absence and unable to take a break.
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Poush utsav

22nd December, 1905
The annual festival (popularly known as Poush utsav) held as usual at Santiniketan.
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Utsav

22nd December, 1905
Rabindranath's address delivered at the evening prayers later printed in the Bangadarshan (Magh issue) under the title Utsav.
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Honorary member

23rd December, 1905
Poet made an honorary member of Chaitanya Library at its general meeting along with E.B. Havell and others.
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Prince of Wales visits Calcutta

29th December, 1905
Prince of Wales visits Calcutta (now Kolkata) with wife in the last lap of their India tour.
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Abarita

30th December, 1905
Rabindranath writes Abarita, inaugurating another phase of the Kheya cycle.
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Indian Art Society established

December, 1905
Indian Art Society established as a result of the initiative taken by Nivedita, John Woodroff, Havell, Kumaraswamy and of course Abanindranath and Gaganendranath.
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Foundation of Sandhya

December, 1905
This Bengali daily founded and edited by the redoubtable, fiery exponent of a free India – Brahmabandhab Upadhaya makes its mark and impresses the students and youths with its incendiary editorials and news items.
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