Rabisarani Rabisarani

Before After
Home

Miss Burdett is appointed as Pratima Devi's teacher

1st January, 1911
Rabindranath is in Shilaidaha. Miss. Burdett – who has been appointed as Pratima Devi's teacher – also joins them there.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet's letter to Arunchandra Sen

1st January, 1911
He writes to Arunchandra Sen that teacher and her students are getting on very well together.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Kolkata

18th January, 1911
Arrives in Kolkata.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Anniversary of Debendranath's death

20th January, 1911
The anniversary of Debendranath's death observed at Jorasanko. On this occasion he again gives a public reading of Samanjasya -- the essay he read a few days before at the Santiniketan Ashram.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Santiniketan

24th January, 1911
12th volume of the collected lectures published.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Maghotsav

25th January, 1911
81st annual Brahma festival celebrated with usual flourish.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Karmayoga and Atmabodh

25th January, 1911
Poet reads the articles Karmayoga and Atmabodh in the morning and evening sessions respectively.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Eight songs for morning session

25th January, 1911
Eight of his songs are sung in the morning session.
  • Praner pran jagichhe tomari
  • Ghor dukhe jaginu
  • Daya diye habey go mor 24th January,1884
  • Jagate ananda yagney amar
  • Viswasathe jogey jethay
  • Jibaney jata puja 24th January,1884
  • Jadi amay tumi banchao
  • Uriye dhwaja abhrabhedi rathey
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Thirteen songs for evening session

25th January, 1911
Another thirteen Rabindra songs are sung in the evening session
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Brahmasamajer Sarthakata

26th January, 1911
In an interesting and significant sequel to the Maghotsav this year, responding to an invitation extended by it, the next day Rabindranath reads the essay Brahmasamajer Sarthakata at the temple of the Sadharan Brahmasamaj.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Mammoth crowd for poet's speech

26th January, 1911
A mammoth crowd turns up to hear the poet speak in the evening. Even the streets outside are clogged with people.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet emphasizes freedom from dogma

26th January, 1911
This testifies to his growing popularity among Brahma and Hindu youth and in the essay he emphasizes synthesis of different views and freedom from dogma--the need to reach out to the wider world.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Letter to Amal Hom

28th January, 1911
In a letter written to Amal Hom, then a Brahma youth, he deprecates Brahma communal orthodoxy. All this adds up to an effort on his part to forge stronger bonds of cooperation and harmony between the three branches of Brahma religion.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

William Rothenstein

January, 1911
William Rothenstein, a British artist and patron of the recently founded India Society (London), who is now visiting India, meets Rabindranath at the Jorasanko residence of Gaganendranath and Abanindranath. It is impossible to overestimate the significance of this meeting for the poet's career in the years ahead, particularly in the west.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Sketch of poet by Rothenstein

January, 1911
He makes the poet's acquaintance and at once feels a powerful attraction to find out more about him – "I was attracted, each time I went to Jorasanko, by their uncle, a strikingly handsome figure, dressed in a white dhoti and chadur, who sat silently listening as we talked. I felt an immediate attraction, and asked whether I might draw him, for I discerned an inner charm as well as great physical beauty, which I tried to set down with my pencil."
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Nagendranath comes back from America

3rd February, 1911
Poet's younger son-in-law Nagendranath Gangopadhaya, B.Sc. (Illinois), comes back from America as an agricultural expert.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Sends Nagendranath to Shilaidaha in agricultural work

February, 1911
The poet was waiting for Nagendranath's return and soon sends him to Shilaidaha to assist Rathindranath in agricultural work.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Friends of Hindustan

5th February, 1911
Writes to the poet from California, USA offering financial help for the school.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Abanindranath asks William Rothenstein to visit Santiniketan

5th February, 1911
Though their next meeting will take place in England in 1912, he isn't entirely unaware of Rabindranath's achievements. Abanindranath asks him to visit Santiniketan.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Letter from A.K. Kumaraswami to Rothenstein

17th February, 1911
A.K. Kumaraswami writes him--"It is peculiarly attractive to know Rabindranath in his own world."
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Request for English translations of the poet's poems

21st February, 1911
He may have read English translations of the poet's poems and short stories published in the Modern Review. For there's a hint of it in the letter he writes the poet before his departure for England--"…I shall be grateful for any translations of poems or stories which may appear at any time."
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Various translations

1911
Able translators are now increasingly translating into English the poet's poems and stories. Ajitkumar Chakrabarty translates some of his poems into English. Towards the end of the year Pramathalal Sen writes the poet asking him to send these to him in England so that he can approach British journals and request them to publish the translations with the help of Rothenstein and Fox Strangways, who have by now become ardent Tagore enthusiasts.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Request from various personalities to translate in English

1911
Prof. Satyendranath Roy and Principal Lalit Mohan Chatterjee and Pramathalal himself try their hands at translating Rabindranath into English. A.K. Kumaraswami's translations will appear in his book Art and Swadeshi (1912).
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Modern Review

1911
Modern Review continues to publish English Translations of Tagore stories, essays and poems by various hands including Nivedita's The Cabuliwallah almost in each issue.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Efforts

1911
All these efforts, however small and scattered, go some way towards familiarising non-Bengalee readers both at home and abroad with the poet's works prior to his dramatic emergence on the international literary scene towards the end of 1912.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

East & West

1911
He has often been giving vent to his growing sprititual ideal of the synthesis and harmony of the orient and the occident in such major poems as Matri Abhishek and other writings. The founding of the India Society in Britain, Rothenstein's visit, Viceroy Hardinge's more lenient policies and similar developments perhaps exercise a mellowing effect on his anti-British stance. He's not inclined to lend his support to opposition to the government merely for the sake of opposition.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Talks about Vaishnavism

14th March, 1911
On the occasion of the birth anniversary of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the poet talks about the significance of Vaishnavism in an address delivered in Santiniketan.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Raja

19th March, 1911
The play performed by the teachers and students of the ashram. Rabindranath plays the role of Thakurda. Guests including Ramananda Chatterjee and his daughter arrive from Kolkata to witness the performance. According to the glowing account written by Ramananda's daughter Shanta Devi--"…His hospitality, his decorum, his filial affection, the splendid melodiousness of his voice, his graceful appearance, his physical stamina, his graciousness--everything seemed to be boundless."
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Meets Ashutosh Mukherjee to explore possibilities of setting up a college in Santiniketan

30th March, 1911
Most probably meets Ashutosh Mukherjee, vice-chancellor, Calcutta University on 30th March, 1911 to explore possibilities of setting up a college in Santiniketan. However, paucity of funds deters him.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Editor of Tattwabodhini Patrika

April, 1911
Satyendranath Tagore having laid down the office, the poet becomes editor of the Brahma organ Tattwabodhini Patrika from the Baisakh issue .
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Ashram Sambad

April, 1911
Poet introduces a new section in the journal called Ashram Sambad, designed to regularly supply news of the Brahmacharyashram.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Abala Basu's Letter

11th April, 1911
Alarmed by their nephew Aurobindomohan's excessive emotional attachment to the ashram and devotion to Rabindranath's personality, Abala Basu writes that henceforth they will make Aurobindomohan always stay with them.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Reply from the poet

13th April, 1911
The poet's reply inter alia contains a memorable statement of what the Santiniketan Ashram means to him--"…this school is the arena of the sadhana of my life--my Lord is here, my salvation is here--it is no mere school…"
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Prayers

April, 1911
Prayers are held in the temple in Santiniketan on the last day of the expiring Bengali Year (1317) (13th April, 1911) as well as the first day of the New Year (1318) (14th April, 1911).
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Public appeal to celebrate poet's birthday

April, 1911
A public appeal is made to the people inviting support and financial help in the shape of donations to celebrate Rabindranath's 50th birthday. The signatories include Hirendranath Dutta, Prafullachandra Roy, Ramendrasundar Trivedi, Manindrachandra Nandi and Jagadishchandra Basu--all members of the preparatory committee.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Bangiya Sahitya Parishad to organise the celebration

April, 1911
The committee also writes to the Bangiya Sahitya Parishad requesting it to organise the celebration.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Muktir Upaya

April, 1911
This Tagore story is turned into a comedy by Saurindramohan Mukherjee called Dasachakra and performed several times in 1911-- on 16th and 23rd April, for example.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Rabindrajayanti

April, 1911
Summer vacation puts off till 8th May to celebrate poet's birthday.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet wants to keep distance from the celebration

20th April, 1911
While he won't stand in the way of the teachers and students of the ashram celebrating his birthday, he wants to distance himself from the celebrations being organised by his admirers in Kolkata. Writes to this effect to Jadunath Sarkar.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Guests from Kolkata

6th May, 1911
Guests from Kolkata start arriving.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Ashram students take part

6th May, 1911
Ashram students take part in sports.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

A prelude to the celebration

7th May, 1911
Ajitkumar Chakrabarty reads his essay Rabindranath in the morning as a kind of prelude to the celebration proper.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Raja performed again

7th May, 1911
Raja performed again in the evening at Natyaghar by a cast of students and teachers.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Rabindranath plays Thakurdada

7th May, 1911
As usual, Rabindranath plays Thakurdada.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Celebration in Amrakunja

8th May, 1911
Birthday is celebrated in the Amrakunja in the morning.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Summer vacation commences

9th May, 1911
Summer vacation commences. Poet leads students' prayers in the temple in the morning.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Jibansmriti

May, 1911
Completes writing Jibansmriti.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Request to serialise Jibansmriti in Prabasi

May, 1911
Ramananda eager to serialise it in Prabasi . Rabindranath agrees. It will appear in serial installments in the Prabashi from its Bhadra issue onward.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Achalayatan

16th June, 1911
Starts writing the play Achalayatan.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Achalayatan and its songs

June, 1911
Achalayatan gets completed on 29th June and like its predecessors in this genre, it is rich in magnificent songs which often transcend the immediate dramatic context and achieve the kind of universality so characteristic of imaginative art of the highest order.
  • Tumi daak diechho
  • Durey kothai durey durey
  • E path gechhe kon khaney go
  • Amra tarei jani tarei jani
  • Amra chash kori anandey
  • Kathtin loha kathtin ghumey
  • Sob kajey hath lagai mora
  • Gharete bhramar elo
  • Amra kato dal go kato dal
  • Ei ekla moder hajar manush
  • Ja hobar ta hobey
  • Ami karey daki go
  • Bujhi elo, bujhi elo, orey pran
  • Aaj jeman korey gaichhe akash
  • Harey re re re re
  • Bajerey bajey re
  • Orey orey orey amar mon
  • Ei moumachhider gharchhara ke korechhe re
  • O akuler kool, o agatir gati
  • Sakala janam bharey
  • Utal dhara badal jharey
  • Alo, amar alo, ogo
  • Jini sakal kajer kaji
  • Kabe tumi ashbe boley
  • Ami je sab nitey chai, sab nitey dhai re
  • Aar nahey, aar noi
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Letter to Charuchandra

20th June, 1911
Writes to Charuchandra expressing satisfaction with the progress he's making.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Finished writing Achalayatan

29th June, 1911
Writes again to say he has finished the play.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Public reading of Achalayatan

2nd July, 1911
Back in Kolkata, he gives a public reading of the new play to a selected audience at Prasantachandra Mahalanabish's residence.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Back in Santiniketan

3rd July, 1911
Poet is back in Santiniketan.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Stays in Santiniketan

July, 1911
Stays here till mid-August.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Final touch to Achalayatan

14th July, 1911
At last writes to Charuchandra from Santiniketan that finally he's made the play to his liking after extensive revision, expansion and condensation.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Influence of The Sanskrit Buddhist Literature of Nepal

July, 1911
For this latest play he again draws on his favourite source--Rajendralal Mitra's The Sanskrit Buddhist Literature of Nepal.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

'Story of Panchaka'

July, 1911
As is his wont, however, he adapts only certain external elements of the 'Story of Panchaka' such as the names Panchaka and Mahapanchaka.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Achalayatan - A powerful imaginative critique

July, 1911
The play is a powerful imaginative critique of all kinds of degrading soul-destroying coercive ritualism and indeed ideological totalitarianism. It is in harmony with his essays like Samanjasya, Karmayoga, Brahmasamajer Sarthakata and poems like Naivedya 52.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

The play is dedicated to Jadunath Sarkar

July, 1911
It is printed in the Ashwin issue of the Prabasi and dedicated to Jadunath Sarkar.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Jadunath Sarkar - An admirer of the poet

July, 1911
An admirer of the poet, the noted historian is associated with the poet and his work in many ways--he regularly translates into English his stories and essays for non-Bengali readers, stands up for him when a controversy arises and offers very useful help and advice in all matters pertaining to the school at Santiniketan. Again, as is his wont, six years later poet will transform Achalayatan into another play called Guru.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Achalayatan

July, 1911
Like its predecessors it does not escape misconceived criticism.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Jibansmriti

July, 1911
Poet thoroughly revises the manuscript.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Life

July, 1911
Life is less hectic now, more leisurely what with some school work, occasional writing and a bit of correspondence.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Romeo Bahudevabader Parinati

July, 1911
Writes the essay Romeo Bahudevabader Parinati.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Roman analogy

July, 1911
In this essay he uses the Roman analogy to analyse the current religious scene in the country.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Extracts from Romeo Bahudevabader Parinati

July, 1911
He writes--"In present-day India an almost similar relationship exists between Brahmadharma and resurgent Hinduism. That is what brought Keshabchandra and Ramakrishna Paramhansa into mutal contact and brought about a harmony between Vijaykrishna Goswami's views in the last years of his life and those of Hindu society. That Vivekananda was a keen Brahma once did not prove to be a major impediment to the later alteration of his views." This and other similar utterances strewn elsewhere in his writings show that he is in fact engaged in a quest of the fundamental inner unity underlying the varied religious doctrines of both India and the world at large.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Bhadrotsav

13th August, 1911
Poet is back in town to deliver a lecture at the Bhadrotsav organised by the Sadharan Brahmasamaj.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Soudamini Devi passes away

19th August, 1911
Soudamini Devi, mother of Gaganendranath and Abanindranath passes away.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Dharmer Artha

21st August, 1911
Reads the essay Dharmer Artha in the Sadharan Brahmasamaj temple.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Draws a huge crowd

21st August, 1911
As usual he draws a huge crowd.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Santiniketan

23rd August, 1911
Poet is back in Santiniketan; intends to stay for the time being.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

English translation, 'My Father's House', by Maud MacCarthy L.of G

September, 1911
Modern Review, in its September issue carries a metrical English translation, 'My Father's House', by Maud MacCarthy L.of G of poet's song Tomari gehe palichha snehe. This Irish translator is experienced in and familiar with Indian music. Extracts of the translation is like:
  • In Thy house (Little Child)
  • Dearest, I am growing;
  • Life of mine,
  • Gift of Thine -
  • Holy and All – knowing!
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Rashmanir Chhele

2nd September, 1911
Finishes the story in a day--to be printed in the Ashwin issue of Bharati .
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Letter to Manilal Gangopadhyay

3rd September, 1911
Writes a letter to Manilal Gangopadhyay about publishing of Rashmanir Chhele in Bharati.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Foreign tour

6th September, 1911
He is contemplating a long tour abroad, either in the Far East or Europe later that year to recover physical health and mental vigour.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Brajendranath Seal returns from England

10th September, 1911
Brajendranath Seal returns to Kolkata after a couple of months spent in England where he, along with Pramathalal Sen, successfully aroused in Rothenstein, Fox Strangways, etc. a keen enthusiasm for Rabindranath's writings.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Dakghar

September, 1911
Yet retains enough imaginative prowess to quickly produce the universally acclaimed Dakghar in a matter of days.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Writes to Manilal Gangopadhaya

September, 1911
Writes to Manilal Gangopadhaya--"I've written a small play…It is called 'Dakghar'." Among his major plays, Dakghar is perhaps the only one which will retain its original shape without attracting any revision in later years. Later in 20th December, 1915, Tagore explains Dakghar in deep to the ashramites.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Sarodotsav

23rd September, 1911
Performed a couple of days before the Puja vacation commences in the ashram vidyalaya.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Guests from Kolkata watch the performance

23rd September, 1911
Guests from Kolkata including Jadunath Sarkar, Satyendranath Dutta, Ramananda Chatterjee who were invited almost a month ago, watch the performance.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Rabindranath plays the Sannyasi

23rd September, 1911
Rabindranath plays the Sannyasi (in Sarodotsav) while the other roles are performed by the teachers and students of the vidyalaya.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Dakghar

23rd September, 1911
Poet reads the latest play before the selected Kolkata audience.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet return to Kolkata

25th September, 1911
Poet returns to Kolkata and will stay here about a month to make preparations for the journey to England.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Gourhari Sen

27th September, 1911
Gourhari Sen calls on the poet at the Jorasanko residence and discusses with him the Primary Education Bill brought by Gokhale.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Pramathalal Sen

2nd October, 1911
Pramathalal Sen writes to him requesting the poet to send him English translations of his poems and songs.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Shelved

October, 1911
Poet's tour plans are shelved for the time being.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Reason

19th October, 1911
The reason is revealed in a letter he writes to Brajendrakishore Devvarma. The Bangiya Sahitya Parishat which is planning a grand felicitation for him, presses him hard to postpone his departure till November end. So he will not be able to go before February/March 1912.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet deeply ponders in some issues at stake

October, 1911
Gokhale's Primary Education Bill and Pandit Madanmohan Malavya's proposed Benaras Hindu University as well as the proposed Aligarh Muslim University generate controversy, debate and sectarian passions. He deeply ponders the issues at stake, is aware that his views might provoke hostility and decides to speak loud and clear.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Hindu-Viswavidyalaya

October, 1911
The result is the famous essay Hindu-Viswavidyalaya.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Hindu-Viswavidyalaya is read at a special meeting of the Chaitanya library

29th October, 1911
It is read at a special meeting of the Chaitanya library held at Rippon College. Its message can be summed up in his own words--"Only when those who are individually different come up and stand mutually side by side, do their excesses evaporate and their truth is properly revealed....If the world is accommodated in the Hindu or Musalman University and their individual difference is accommodated too, no possibility of danger will arise. And in this way the real worth of individual difference will be determined."
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Letter to Priyambada Devi

1st November, 1911
He gets away to Shilaidaha and writes to Priyambada Devi--"…the pure form of the self will be glimpsed in the midst of solitary nature--this is exactly what I hope...”
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Writes Nivedita

November, 1911
Though a bitter-sweet relationship existed between Nivedita and Rabindranath, he is acutely aware of the tremendous role played by her in contemporary India and urged by Jagadish Chandra, writes a great commemorative essay titled Nivedita.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Nivedita – A landmark in our literature

November, 1911
In this essay which remains a landmark in our literature, he bestows the supreme epithet of lokmata on her and achieves a dispassionate appraisal of the great soul. It is printed in the Nov-Dec issue of the Prabashi.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Panraksha

November, 1911
Writes the short story Panraksha.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Publishing his letters

November, 1911
Around this time he also sets in motion the process of publishing his letters. Later Ramendrasundar Trivedi will be entrusted with the responsibility of editing the letters. The anthology of letters will be published as Chhinnapatra in July, 1912.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Letter to Lalitkumar Bandopadhyay

19th November, 1911
Writes letter to Lalitkumar Bandopadhyay regarding Lalitkumar's criticism on Achalayatan.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Atti Galpa

20th November, 1911
Atti Galpa (eight stories) –a collection of 8 Tagore stories particularly suitable for school-going boys-is published.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Achalayatan

23rd November, 1911
The Poet manages to ruffle many dovecotes of conservatism and dogmatic orthodoxy. In this connection poet writes to Amal Home--"The message of Achalayatan is to liberate our customs, our habits, our reason from the vast prison we've erected around ourselves in the name of dharma, society and rituals..."
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Myron H. Phelps

26th November, 1911
Myron H. Phelps, an American lawyer and India enthusiast camping in Hardwar, writes to the poet expressing his keenness to visit east India soon.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Neetindranath

5th December, 1911
Meera Devi's son and the poet's grandson is born.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet is in town

8th December, 1911
Rabindranath is in town on account of this.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet writes back to Mr. Phelps

9th December, 1911
Poet writes back to Mr. Phelps elaborating on his views of east-west synthesis and the ways to achieve it.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Poet's will

18th December, 1911
Now that he's contemplating a long journey abroad, he decides to write his will. But it is not registered. In its concluding part he adds that he has repeatedly urged his son, Rathindra, to devote the income derived from the zamindari estates to the welfare of the tenants. Naturally it is in harmony with his philosophy.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Congress - 26th Annual session

December, 1911
26th annual session of the National Congress held in Kolkata from 26th to 28th December, 1911. Pandit Bishan Narayan Dhar presides.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Jana Gano Mano Adhinayaka

27th December, 1911
The second day's proceedings commence with the singing of Jana Gano Mano Adhinayaka– a patriotic song composed by the poet for the occasion.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Theism

December, 1911
26th All India Theistic Conference held at City College, Mirzapur Street, Kolkata from 26th to 29th December, 1911.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Dharmasiksha

28th December, 1911
Rabindranath reads this essay at this conference.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x

Sarojini Naidu

28th December, 1911
Sarojini Naidu also addresses the conference, makes the poet's acquaintance on this occasion.
Fill this space with really interesting content. x