Rabisarani Rabisarani

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Sahana Devi

10th January, 1927
Sahana Devi - noted singer of Rabindrasangeet - is suffering from tuberculosis. Rabindranath invites her to come to Santiniketan for cure and rest and assures her that she'll be well looked after.
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Letter to Mamata Dasgupta

14th January, 1927
Writes to Mamata Dasgupta that Natir Puja will be performed. The play is in rehearsal and Nandalal's daughter Gouri Basu will play Sreemati.
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Arrives in Kolkata

24th January, 1927
Arrives in Kolkata with his troupe from Santiniketan. Maghotsav will be held the next day, but he hasn't sent out invitations to anyone and writes to Rani Mahalanabis that he is not ready to regard himself as a Brahma if being a Brahma means following a particular religion.
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Natir Puja

28th January, 1927
Natir Puja is performed at Jorasanko mansion.
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Two more performances of Natir Puja

January, 1927
Two more performances on 29th and 31st January. Gouri Basu's masterly performance as Sreemati universally acclaimed. Rabindranath excels as usual as the old monk Upali even at sixty six. But individual brilliance apart, this ground-breaking performance goes down as a watershed in the cultural history of Bengal because this is the first public performance in which girls hailing from distinguished middle class bhadralok families enact dancing roles,thus assaulting the old social stereotype of women actors as persons of low repute and virtually ostrasized from genteel middle class hierarchies. Initially the announcement of this performance by the girls raises some eyebrows. To stop that, Tagore creates the character Upali and presents himself at the stage. Secondly the cultural revolution initiated by the poet now widens the cultural horizons by presenting dance as a great art form and raising it to a new level of respectability and acceptability in Bengal.
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Anger

3rd February, 1927
Growing public anger and indignation at the tyrannical high-handedness of the government in imprisoning thousands of young men without trial. Rabindranath once more articulates public indignation in his own inimitable way when he sends an open letter to the daily Forward condemning "the primitive form of despotism which permitted detention without trial under Bengal Ordinances."
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Sriniketan

6th February, 1927
In Santiniketan; presides over the anniversary festival of Sriniketan, stresses self-reliance and the necessity of a holistic approach to rural reconstruction.
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New songs, poems

27th February, 1927
Inaugurates a new symbolism in his latest songs and poems through the cosmic Nataraja image, rich in rhythmic varieties and dramatic overtones.
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Nataraja Riturangasala

February, 1927
A song-and-dance medley gets written perhaps inspired by Bharatnatyam dance and Nataraja iconography of South India.
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Saratchandra meets poet

February, 1927
Saratchandra meets the poet and urges him to protest against the government's decision to ban his allegedly seditious novel-Pather Dabi.
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Poet's letter to Saratchandra

10th February, 1927
Rabindranath writes to him declining to protest, maintaining that writers may write inciting, provocative things, but it is not a healthy attitude if at the same time they expect that the British government will not come down heavily on them.He adds,"Travelling around the world I have seen that there is not another government which is so tolerant and forgiving as the British government. To proscribe your book and say nothing to you almost amounts to forgiving you. To rely on this forgiveness and flay the government randomly is a travesty of courage." Saratchandra is deeply hurt.
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Letter to Rani Devi

3rd March, 1927
Writes that his sense of responsibility has grown from a combination of the senses of beauty and self-dignity.
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Sajanikanta Das

9th March, 1927
Discusses the goals and aims of literature with Sajanikanta. According to the poet literature is eternal. However, the modernists do not hold with such views.
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Nataraja Riturangasala

18th March, 1927
enacted in Santiniketan.
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Bharatpur

28th March, 1927
Leaves for Bharatpur at the invitation of the young prince Kishen Singh to preside over the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan with his future biographer Prabhatkumar Mukhopadhyaya. Braves the summer heat of Rajasthan even at this age because he needs funds for Visva-Bharati.
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Delivers his address

30th March, 1927
Delivers his address at the Sahitya Sammelan in English.
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Agra

2nd April, 1927
Visits Agra.
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Jaipur

4th April, 1927
Visits Jaipur.
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Ahmedabad

April, 1927
In Ahmedabad; Ambalal Sarabhai puts him up at his residence from 6th to 9th April.
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Felicitation

April, 1927
Felicitated by Gujrati Sahitya Sabha.
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Edward Thompson's book

April, 1927
Edward Thompson's recent book Rabindranath Tagore,Poet and Dramatist comes to his notice here and he reads it.
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Letter to Prasantachandra

April, 1927
Writes to Prasantachandra from Ahemedabad - "I've read Thompson's book … It is superficial and incorrect to a great extent."
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Thompson

April, 1927
He writes to Rothenstein, too, in this vein and later demolishes the book in a review written under a pseudonym in the Prabashi (Sravan issue).
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Santiniketan

11th April, 1927
Returns to Santiniketan.
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Varshasesh & Nabavarsha

April, 1927
Takes part in these ceremonies. Writs the poem Varshasesh on the last day of the expiring year and speaks at the prayers held in the morning of the first day of the Bengali New Year.
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Chandernagore

4th May, 1927
Goes to Chandernagore, lays the foundation stone of the temple of the Prabartak Sangha at the invitation of he Sangha founder Motilal Roy.
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Visits

4th May, 1927
Felicitated by the Sangha. Visits Krishnavamini Balika Vidyalaya. Tea party at the residence of the French administrator with the elite of Chandernagore.
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Shillong

May, 1927
Spends the summer in Shillong as the guest of Ambalal Sarabhai who's also holidaying there. He's accompanied by Dinendranath, Jehangir Bakil and Prabhatkumar and occasionally visited by Suruchi Devi, maharani of Mayurbhanj.
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Tinpurush (later changed to Yogayog)

20th May, 1927
Taking full advantage of the freedom from public engagements Rabindranath launches into a new novel, later published in the new magazine Vichitra under the title Tinpurush (later changed to Yogayog). Prima facie, the poet's object is to earn some money by writing the novel. Indeed, he says so in a letter written to Indira Devi around this time. Also writes a few poems in Shillong.
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South-east Asia

28th May, 1927
Very keen to visit Java-Bali-Sumatra. Writes to Ramananda Chatterjee that he's requested G.D. Birla for financial help. Even if the help isn't available, he will go and study the Hindu civilisation of those countries.
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Kolkata

27th June, 1927
Returns. Preparations for the tour get under way.
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Birla

1927
Philanthropist G.D.Birla and Narayandas Bajoria donate Rs 10,000/- ad Rs 1000/- respectively.
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Kalidas Nag

1927
Establishes The Greater India Society after his return from China. Rabindranath is the first President of the Society.
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Mukti(1)

1st July, 1927
Writes the poem Mukti(1).
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Mukti(2)

2nd July, 1927
Writes the poem Mukti(2).
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Cooperative

2nd July, 1927
International Cooperative festival held in Kolkata. The poet presides, gives a lecture on Bharatvarshe Samabayer Bisistata.
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Greater India Society

11th July, 1927
Felicitates him in anticipation of the success of the tour. Rabindranath says in reply " These felicitation which you have offered me prior to my departure for Jabadwipa will mentally fortify me".
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Departs

12th July, 1927
Leaves for Madras by train en route to Singapore accompanied by Surendranath Kar, Dhirendranath Devbarman and Prof. Sunitikumar Chatterjee--representative of Calcutta University. Arnold Bake and Aryanayakam have gone ahead as advance party to prepare for the poet's visit.
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Madras

14th July, 1927
Sails for Singapore on the French boat Amboise.
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Singapore

20th July, 1927
Arrives.
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Aryanayakam joins the poet

July, 1927
Aryanayakam joins him here. For three days he's the guest of the Malay governor Sir Hugh Clifford. Then enjoys the hospitality of Mohammad Ali Namaji.
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Chinese community

21st July, 1927
felicitated by the elie of the Chinese community at Garden Club.
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Unity of Man

22nd July, 1927
Delivers an address on Unity of Man at Victoria Theatre.
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Lectures on ancient links between China and India

24th July, 1927
Lectures to Chinese teachers and students on the ancient links between India and China at Palace Gay Theatre.
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Meeting

24th July, 1927
Meets a distinguished group of people led by Mohammad Ali Namaji who want to set up an organisation under the name International fellowship.
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Speaks at Indian Association

24th July, 1927
Speaks at Indian Association before a record crowd of common Indians of Singapore Sikhs, Pathans, Punjabis, Tamils, Gujratis, Hindus and Muslims. Rabindranath speaks in English, Sunitikumar translates the speech into Hindi.
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Lecture on his experience as educationist

25th July, 1927
Gives a lecture on his experience at Santiniketan as an educationist at Victoria Theatre. All kinds of students present; Colonial Secretary E.C.M. Woolfe presides.
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L.B.Keng

25th July, 1927
A Chinese educationist, meets the poet.
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Malacca

27th July, 1927
Arrives. Entertained at the government house. Dinner given in his honour.
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Mooar(Bandar Maharani)

28th July, 1927
visits Mooar.
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Delivers two lectures

29th July, 1927
Delivers two lectures in Malacca.
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Kuala Lumpur

30th July, 1927
Arrives at Kuala Lumpur.
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Civic reception

31st July, 1927
Civic reception organised by municipality at Town Hall, presented with a silver casket containing the address.
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Lectures at a theatre hall

2nd August, 1927
Lectures at a theatre hall; reads poems at a variety show in the evening.
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Visits and lectures

3rd August, 1927
Visits Seremban, delivers lecture, returns to Kuala Lumpur in the evening.
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Speaks at the Confucian School

5th August, 1927
Speaks at the Confucian School of the Chinese and also at Kajang.
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Ipo

7th August, 1927
Visits Ipo, then goes to Tai-ping and lectures on Human Destiny.
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Penang

14th August, 1927
Speaks on Nationalismat Empire Theatre.
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Reaction

August, 1927
Mixed reactions to the poet's visit noticed. Malaya Tribune mouthpiece of British colonial interests-attacks the poet for his critique of imperialism.
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Goal

August, 1927
The primary goal of the tour, namely, securing funds for Santiniketan, has been more or less achieved. The poet's now headed for Bali and Java.
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Sumatra

17th August, 1927
Reaches Belawan in Sumatra from Penang.
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Admirers

17th August, 1927
A number of Dutch, Sindhi and Tamil admirers of the poet led by Arnold Bake meet him in Belawan.
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Belawan

August, 1927
Takes ship bound for Java-sails on Plancius.
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Singapore

19th August, 1927
Reaches Singapore on the way to Java, meets old friends on board.
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Writes two poems

19th August, 1927
Writes the poems Notun Srota, Viday Sambal .
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Srivijayalakshmi

21st August, 1927
Writes the poem Srivijayalakshmi aboard.
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Jakarta

21st August, 1927
Arrives in Jakarta. Stays at Hotel des Indes.
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Reception and dinner

21st August, 1927
Reception and dinner in his honour at the residence of the British consul Mr.Crossby who delivers a wonderful speech welcoming the poet.
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Poet meets governor-general of Netherlands

22nd August, 1927
Crossby introduces the poet to the governor-general of Netherlands India.
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Indians of Batavia(Jakarta) meets poet

22nd August, 1927
Indians of Batavia(Jakarta) come to see the poet; poet talks about Santiniketan, local Sindhi businesmen promise to help.
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Bali

23rd August, 1927
On the way to Bali writes the poem Nutan Kaal and the article Sahitye nabatwa on board.
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Bangli, Bali

26th August, 1927
At Bangli the poet witnesses performances of the dance of Bali and Java a memorable event.
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Tour

1927
In Bali for a fortnight. Travels through the island with honours and receptions galore, keenly notes the vital influence of Indian culture in the vibrant living traditions of the island and the Balinese school of dance-drama. Visits Giyanga, Badoeng, Moendoeck..
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Moendoeck

1927
Here discusses Catherine Mayo's book Mother India with Sunitikumar and sends a letter to The Manchester Guardian criticising it. Later J.T.Sanderland will use this letter as the introduction to his book Unhappy India.
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Java

9th September, 1927
Returns to Java, arrives at Sourabaya. Local Indians crowd the pier to greet him.
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Sourabaya

11th September, 1927
spends three days here, delivers a lecture on Art at the local Kunstkring.
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Socrakarta

September, 1927
Here he inaugurates a street named after him (Tagore street). Stays as a guest of the Mankunagoro, see enchanting performances of local drama and court-dance and interacts with local Javanese and Dutch intellectuals. Receives telegram from Siam inviting him to visit the country.
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Djokjakarta

September, 1927
Sees the ruins of ancient temples at Peramban protected as monuments by the Dutch government from 18th to 20th September.
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Poet at Borobudur

September, 1927
goes to see the legendary Borobudur temples.
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Poem – Borobudur

23rd September, 1927
writes the poem Borobudur.
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Letter to Pratima Devi about Bandung

26th September, 1927
Spends a couple of days here. In a delightful letter written to Pratima Devi describes the place " there was once a lake in the hollow where Bandung sits now. Later, at some time or the other, the surrounding hillsides crashed down in a landslide and the lake water drained away. I'm really feeling very comfortable here in the quiet house in this beautiful, secludd place after all the recent hectic travels."
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Jakarta

27th September, 1927
Returns to Jakarta (Batavia).
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Departure

30th September, 1927
Sails for Penang via Singapore.
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Poem - Bali

1st October, 1927
Writes the poem Bali aboard.
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Song

2nd October, 1927
Writes the song Sakaruna benu bajaye ke jai aboard.
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Penang

5th October, 1927
Arrives en route to Bangkok.
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Bangkok

8th October, 1927
Arrives to a rousing welcome by Indians, Siamese, Chinese and Europeans who put them up at Phya Thai Palace Hotel.
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Meets prince Dhani

8th October, 1927
Meeting with education secretary, prince Dhani. Also meets the chief priest of Rajpotibar temple.
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Visits palace of prince Damnog Rajanubhab

10th October, 1927
Goes to see the renowned art collection housed in the palace of prince Damnog Rajanubhab.
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Lecture India's Role in the World

11th October, 1927
Delivers the address India's Role in the World. Writes the poem Siam.
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Visits Vajrayudh Vidyalaya

12th October, 1927
Visits Vajrayudh Vidyalaya. Delivers address on Child Education at Chudalankaran University.
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Meets Thailand royal family

13th October, 1927
Meets the King and Queen of Thailand.
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Delivers two lectures

13th October, 1927
Delvers two lectures Chinese Birth and Asia's continental Culture.
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Lectures on Ideals of National Education

14th October, 1927
Lectures on Ideals of National Education at the local museum before a massive audience.
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Departure

15th October, 1927
Leaves Bangkok.
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Writes six poems

October, 1927
Writes six poems
  • Siam(2)17th October,1927
  • Chirantan18th October,1927
  • Abujh Monon (board Aba-maru in this date)20st October,1927
  • Mohana24th October,1927
  • Durdiney26th October,1927
  • Nutan Srota27th October,1927
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Kolkata

27th October, 1927
Arrives in Kolkata.
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Ideal of modern literature

1927
A debate centred on what should be the ideal of modern literature which was simmering now comes to a head. The varied exponents of modernism are represented by new literary magazines like Kallol, Sanghati, Uttara, Kalikalam, Pragati, Lekha,etc. with Kallol and Kalikalam leading the field. They lament the lack of modernism in Tagore literature and champion what they call new values of freedom and frankness for all they are worth. Rabindranath is seen as the bulwark of conservatism and remains the butt of criticism. On the other hand Sanibarer Chitti is pitted against them.
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Rituranga

8th December, 1927
Adapted from Nataraj Riturangashala is performed in Kolkata. Basudeva Menon, formerly of Kalabhaban, plays Nataraj. The performance and staging combine Indian and Javanese styles.
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Article

19th December, 1927
A certain journal (of the Swaraj Party) asks him for an article but turns it down because of its implicit critique of Swarajist programme. It is later printed in the Prabashi(Magh,1334).
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Poush Utsav

23rd December, 1927
Held in Santiniketan. Rabindranath takes part.
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