Rabisarani Rabisarani

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Social Congress

1st January, 1897
The session of Social Congress held at Beadon Square in Calcutta (now Kolkata), the same venue where the 12th annual Congress session also held. Social Congress is presided over by Narendranath Sen.
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Maghotsav

23rd January, 1897
Maghotsav celebrated at Maharshi Bhavan. Ten songs written by Rabindranath sung on the occasion.
  • Sundara Bahe Ananda Mandanil 23rd January, 1897
  • Shital Taba Pada Chhaya 23rd January, 1897
  • Aji Kon Dhan Hote Bishwe Amare 23rd January, 1897
  • Ar Kata Dure Achhe Se Ananda Dham 23rd January, 1897
  • Aji Mama Man Chahe Jiban Bandhure 23rd January, 1897
  • Harashe Jago Aji 23rd January, 1897
  • E Ki Karuna Karunamay 23rd January, 1897
  • Amar Satya Mithya Sakali Bhulaye Dao 23rd January, 1897
  • Aji Raj Asane Tomare Basaiba 23rd January, 1897
  • Ke Jay Amrita-Dham-Jatri 23rd January, 1897
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Khamkheali Club

5th February, 1897
The Dramatic Club set up earlier on by Abanindranath and others folds up, and now replaced by Khamkheali Club initiated by Rabindranath and Gaganendranath. Among the invitees are Atulprasad Sen and Chittaranjan Das. Rabindranath reads a story written by him later published under the title Durasha.
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Maharani of Koochbihar in Santiniketan

7th February, 1897
Rabindranath takes the Maharani of Koochbihar on a visit to Santiniketan.
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Rabindrnath takes Prabhatkumar to Maharshi

February, 1897
Novelist Prabhatkumar Mukhopadhyay is in Calcutta (now Kolkata) for a few days, meets Rabindranath at Jorasanko. Rabindranath takes him along to see Maharshi at his Park St. residence.
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Patisar

February, 1897
Rabindranath in Patisar and later Sahajadpur.
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Swami Vivekananda's reception at Sobhabazar Rajbari

28th February, 1897
Swami Vivekananda is already given a civic reception at Sobhabazar Rajbari on behalf of the people of Calcutta (now Kolkata), after he returns from his first tour of America.
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Swami Vivekananda delivers an address on Vedanta

4th March, 1897
Swami Vivekananda delivers an address on Vedanta at a meeting held at the Star Theatre, Calcutta (now Kolkata). The meeting is presided over by Narendranath Sen, editor of the Indian Mirror.
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Poet is back to Calcutta

March, 1897
Rabindranath returns to Calcutta (now Kolkata) from Sahajadpur.
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Poet read Baikunther Khata

March, 1897
Rabindranath reads one of his famous comedy Baikunther Khata at a session of the Khamkheali Sabha.
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Baikunther Khata published

5th April, 1897
The comedy Baikunther Khata - written by Rabindranath, is published.
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Poems

April, 1897
At this time, poet begins writing the poems that are later collected in the poetry book Kalpana.
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Duhsamay

27th April, 1897
Rabindranath writes the first draft of his poem Duhsamay.
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Varshamangal

29th April, 1897
Poet writes Varshamangal celebrating the arrival of rains and renewal of life -- surely the greatest lyric poem of its kind in the language.
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Chaitrarajani

1st May, 1897
Poet writes the poem Chaitrarajani.
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Chaurapanchasika

5th May, 1897
Poet writes the poem Chaurapanchasika.
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Amala Das

May, 1897
Chittaranjan's sister and a major artiste of Rabindrasangeet (See under 1895). Rathindranath records in his memoirs, "…Between spells of writing he (Rabindranath) he would be in the mood foe songs; then he would have Amaladidi brought over from Kolkata…. Then the songs would come, father and Amaladidi would by turn sing song after song. The vast expanse of water stretched away to the horizon. The melodies of the songs would ripple across the sheet of water and drifting merge with regions far away..."
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Khamkheali Sabha

May, 1897
The Khamkheali Sabha, though short-lived, flourished briefly at this time. Rathindranath recalls, "…It had no rules whatever and consisted of... mutual friends and acquaintances. It owed its existence to the enthusiasm of father and Baludada…mainly consisted of writers, poets, musicians...each month a member took his turn to invite the other members to his house where the Sabha was held...lavish arrangements were made to provide refreshments...main agenda was reading poetry or short stories, singing songs to the accompaniment of instruments and performing short plays."
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Baikunther Khatha performed

May, 1897
The comedy Baikunther Khatha performed at a session of the Khamkheali Sabha hosted by Gaganendranath at his house.
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Rabindranath acts

May, 1897
Rabindranath himself plays the role of Kedar in the comedy Baikunther Khata performed at Khamkheali Sabha hosted by Gaganendranath at his house.
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Girish Chandra Ghosh praises the performance of Baikunther Khata

May, 1897
Famous thespian and playwright Girish Chandra Ghosh highly praises the performance of Baikunther Khata performed at the Khamkheali Sabha hosted at Gaganendranath's house.
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Maharshi is 81

16th May, 1897
Maharshi Debendranath Tagore's 81st birthday celebrated at the Park St. residence.
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Rabindranath attends the ceremony

16th May, 1897
Rabindranath attends Maharshi Debendranath Tagore's 81st birthday celebration at the Park St. residence.
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Writes 8 new poems

May, 1897
Poet is in Santiniketan with Dwipendranath, prolific as ever, writes eight poems in as many days, some of these deservedly praised as masterpieces.
  • Bhrastalagna 20th May, 1897
  • Marjana 21st May, 1897
  • Swapna 22nd May, 1897
  • Dhara Pada 23rd May, 1897
  • Madan Bhasmer Purbe 24th May, 1897
  • Madan Bhasmer Par 25th May, 1897
  • Spardha 26th May, 1897
  • Piyasi 27th May, 1897
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Pasarini

7th June, 1897
Poet writes the poem Pasarini.
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Conference

June, 1897
Bengal Provincial Conference held this year at Natore in Rajsahi, at the initiative of the Maharaja of Natore, from 10th to 12th June. Satyendranath Tagore presides over the conference on 10th June. Upcoming song is sung by Tagore. Rabindranath insists that conference be conducted in Bengali instead of English, supported by others. Congress top brass annoyed. Compromise worked out; Rabindranath translates into Bengali speeches delivered in English. Famous orator Lalmohan Ghosh speaks in Bengali, Rabindranath likes it.
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Jorasanko damaged

12th June, 1897
An earthquake hits Bengal, causing widespread damage. Jorasanko mansion is also slightly damaged.
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Mrinalini injured

12th June, 1897
Poet's wife Mrinalini Devi suffers head injury.
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Rabindranath is back to Home

14th June, 1897
As Mrinalini Devi suffers a head injury, Rabindranath hastens back to Calcutta(now Kolkata).
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Annual function of Brahmasamaj

22nd June, 1897
Rabindranath and others from Jorasanko attend the annual function of the Bhawanipore Brahmasamaj.
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A session of Khamkheali Sabha

11th July, 1897
Perhaps in a session of Khamkheali Sabha, Rabindranath reads a poem Lokeshwari originally composed by Abanindranath Tagore as Debipratima.
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Friendship with Ramendrasundar

19th July, 1897
The friendship between Rabindranath and Ramendrasundar deepens and Rabindranath invites Ramendrasundar Trivedi, a regular contributor to the Sadhana to Khamkheali Sabha.
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Poem Jagadish Chandra Basu

19th July, 1897
Rabindranath writes the poem Jagadish Chandra Basu celebrating the breakthrough achieved by his dear friend in science.
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A session of Khamkheali Sabha hosted by Atulprasad Sen

July, 1897
Atulprasad Sen, then a rising barrister and new member of Khamkheali Sabha, hosts a session at his house.
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Shravan and Bhadra in Calcutta (now Kolkata)

July, 1897
Rabindranath spends the months of Shravan and Bhadra in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
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Classic Theatre starts performing Raja O Rani

24th July, 1897
Younger brother of well known scholar Hirendranath Dutta is Rabindranath's favourite; Hirendranath Dutta's company Classic Theatre starts performing Raja o Rani at Emerald Theatre.
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Lalbari, Rabindranath's own house

8th August, 1897
Maharshi allots a plot of land within the precincts of the Jorasanko establishment for Rabindranath to build his own house, later known as Lalbari.
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Songs

September, 1897
Writes a few songs after a long lull.
  • Bhaktahridibikash Pranabimohan
  • Pantha ekhono keno
  • Ananda ushakale mangala rabi
  • Bahe nirantara ananta anandadhara
  • Keno dhore rakha, o je
  • Britha geyechhi bahu gaan 12th September, 1897
  • Keno bajao kankana
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Special performance of Raja o Rani

11th September, 1897
Special performance staged for Rabindranath and Maharaja of Natore.
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Journey to Shilaidaha

September, 1897
Journeying by boat again to Shilaidaha, thence to Sahajadpur. The familiar and congenial riverbed landscape starts shaping into songs the lyrical impulse, words and tunes already germinating in his imagination.
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Composes quite a few Songs

September, 1897
Composes quite a few songs from 21st to 28th September.
  • Heria shyamal ghana 21st September, 1897
  • Ebar chalinu tabe 22nd September, 1897
  • Keno jamini na jete 22nd September, 1897
  • Kiser tare ashru 22nd September, 1897
  • Ami kebali swapana 23rd September, 1897
  • Bhalobeshe sakhi nibhrite 23rd September, 1897
  • Tumi sandhyar meghamala 24th September, 1897
  • Jadi barana karo tabe 24th September, 1897
  • Ami chahite eshechi sudhu 25th September, 1897
  • Sakhi, pratidina hai 25th September, 1897
  • Bidhi dagara ankhi 25th September, 1897
  • Bandhu michhe rag koro na 25th September, 1897
  • Ogo Kangal amare kangal 27th September, 1897
  • E ki satya sakali satya 28th September, 1897
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Swadeshi Bhander Ltd

September, 1897
A partnership commercial enterprise set up by Ambikacharan Ukil. Rabindranath associates himself with it financially and in other ways too, to help develop indigenous business and industry to which he'll attach increasing importance in the years ahead.
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Indigenous Products

September, 1897
Rabindranath tries to prepare the ground for an exhibition of indigenous products, doesn't succeed.
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Bal Gangadhar Tilak is sentenced to penal imprisonment

14th September, 1897
Bal Gangadhar Tilak is sentenced to penal imprisonment for 18 months. Appeal to Privy Council turned down. Rabindranath vigorously takes part in raising funds for Tilak's defence in all stages of the legal battle. He appeals to Privy Council.
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Orissa

18th October, 1897
Goes to Orissa by river to inspect the estates there.
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Several Poems

October, 1897
This journey also yields a considerable harvest of poems.
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Shrestha Bhiksha

21st October, 1897
Writes Shrestha Bhiksha based on Buddhist legends.
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Pratinidhi

22nd October, 1897
Writes Pratinidhi based on Marathi legends.
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Patita

25th October, 1897
Writes Patita based on a tale from the Ramayana.
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Devatar Gras

29th October, 1897
Writes the famous Devatar Gras based on local lore.
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Kolkata

November, 1897
The poet is back in Kolkata in early November.
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Sati

5th November, 1897
Writes Sati drawing on Marathi legends.
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Mastak Vikroi

6th November, 1897
Writes Mastak Vikroi which is again based on Buddhist legends.
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Mrinalini is in Santiniketan

October, 1897
Mrinalini is already in Santiniketan with the children.
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With the Family

10th November, 1897
Rabindranath joins them there.
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Lyrical Genius flourishes

November, 1897
This trip too produces a crop of poems, in which his lyric genius transforms ancient or medieval material from a modern point of view.
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Narakbas

21st November, 1897
Writes Narakbas.
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Lakshmir Pariksha

13th December, 1897
Writes the quaintly amusing Lakshmir Pariksha.
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Bhasa o Chhanda

December, 1897
Writes Bhasa o Chhanda.
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Gandharir Abedan

December, 1897
Writes the celebrated dramatic poem Gandharir Abedan.
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Annual Brahma Festival

21st December, 1897
In Santiniketan again for the annual Brahma festival.
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Sedition Bill

21st December, 1897
Moved in the Central Legislative Assembly by Chalmers. It will elicit widespread protests in the months ahead.
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13th annual session of Congress

28th December, 1897
13th annual session held in Amaravati from 28th to 30th December. Sankar Nayar presides over this session.
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