Rabisarani Rabisarani

Before After
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Santiniketan

January, 1933
Rabindranath back in Santiniketan.
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Promise kept by Shah of Persia

9th January, 1933
Sent by the Shah of Persia as he'd promised during the poet's visit last year, Prof. Agha Poure Davoud arrives in Santiniketan as visiting professor and is received by the poet.
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George Bernard Shaw in Bombay (now Mumbai)

10th January, 1933
George Bernard Shaw arrives in Bombay in course of his world travel. Rabindranath sends a cable inviting him to Santiniketan. Shaw declines, says he is too old, but adds, ‘My only regret is that I shall be unable to visit you.'
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Delivers Kamala lectures

January, 1933
Back in Kolkata to deliver Kamala lectures. Delivers a three-part address in the Senate Hall of Calcutta University on 16th, 18th and 20th January.
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Manusher Dharma

January, 1933
The three parts together constitute the address Manusher Dharma.
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Delivers a lecture at Santiniketan

January, 1933
Delivers a lecture Manabsatya at Vidyabhawan,Viswa-Bharati. It's a sequel to Manusher Dharma.
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Dr.Bidhanchandra Roy in Sriniketan

5th February, 1933
Mayor of Kolkata- Dr.Bidhanchandra Roy- presides over the anniversary celebrations of Sriniketan.
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Dhirendramohan Sen

February, 1933
Dhirendramohan Sen assumes dual charge of Sikshabhaban and Pathbhaban.
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Tube well inaugurated.

February, 1933
Minister Sir Vijayaprasad Sinha of Bengal Government comes to inaugurate the first tube well successfully sunk and operating in Santiniketan.
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Weekly Harijan launched

11th February, 1933
Gandhiji launches the weekly Harijan from Yervada Jail in Pune. Rabindranath sends an English translation of Satyendraath Dutta's famous poem Methar for publication in the inaugural issue.
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Rammohan centenary begins in Kolkata

18th February, 1933
Rammohan centenary begins in Kolkata with an inaugural meeting held in Senate hall by Calcutta University. Rabindranath delivers an English address on Rammohan Roy in which he asserts--"Rammohan was the only person in his time, in the whole world of man, to realize completely the significance of the modern age."
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Delivers address Sikshar Bikiran

March, 1933
As Ramtanu Lahiri Professor of Calcutta University delivers another address- Sikshar Bikiran which unfortunately retains its relevance even today--"…If we have to turn to English to study the subjects which one must know to maintain self-dignity, then the mother tongue is doomed to suffer eternal humiliation because of this. Will those Bengalis who know only the Bengali language forever remain marginal and marginalised?...even now Bengali boys hang their heads in shame if they have to admit 'I know the Bengali language only.'
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Watches Mayar khela

March, 1933
Still in Kolkata; sees a performance of the dance-drama twice on two days.
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Dalia

March, 1933
Goes to see Madhu Bose's silent picture based on the short story Dalia.
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Performance in Lucknow

March, 1933
Under Pratima Devi's direction and ably assisted by Asit Halder-Director, Lucknow Art College, male and female students of Santiniketan perform Nabin and Sapmochan at a music conferece in Lucknow--the first performance of its kind outside Santiniketan.
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Santiniketan

7th March, 1933
Back in Santiniketan.
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Sapmochan in Kolkata

March, 1933
Stimulated by the success in Lucknow, poet wants to stage Sapmochan in Kolkata; revises and expands the play.
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Kolkata

March, 1933
Back in Kolkata.
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Sapmochan performed

March, 1933
Two consecutive performances at Empire Theatre on 29th & 30th March respectively, poet present on the stage.
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Madan Mohan Malaviya calls on the poet

8th April, 1933
Madan Mohan Malaviya calls on him in Kolkata and draws his attention to the British-inspired politically motivated 'campaign of lies' in Europe against India and urges the poet to protest.
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Poet responses

13th April, 1933
From Sriniketan puts forth a long statement emphasizing the need to counteract anti-India propaganda in the west not merely by "sporadic oratorical display" but more substantially by establishing "fully equipped information centres in the West from where the organized voice of India may have the opportunity to send abroad her judgment and appeal."
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Writes a poem

13th April, 1933
On this last day of the Bengali year writes the poem Abhyudaya.
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Banshari

April, 1933
Pens the play Banshari.
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Public reading of Banshari

23rd April, 1933
Gives a public reading of the play to the residents of the ashram.
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Holiday in Darjeeling

April, 1933
Holidaying in Darjeeling during the summer vacation in Santiniketan.
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Glossary of Technical terms

1933
After many years, the poet returns to the task of compiling a comprehensive glossary of technical terms and terminlogy in Bengali; Calcutta University appoints the young lecturer Bijanbihari Bhattacharya to assist him. But for various reasons the project fails to make much headway.
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Gandhiji goes on a 21-day fast

1933
Gandhiji goes on a 21-day fast in Yervada Jail with the avowed objective of self-purification. Rabindranath sees no point in it and in a telegram sent to the Mahatma, urges him to withdraw the fast.
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Writes Premer Sona

10th May, 1933
Writes the poem Premer Sona on Saint Ramdas, translates it into English and sends it to Gandhiji.
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Leaders' Memorial sent to Government

May, 1933
After Gandhi's release from jail and the withdrawal of the Civil Disobedience Movement, a leaders' memorial is sent to the government urging the release of thousands of political prisoners from jail. Rabindranath is the first to sign it.
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Revolutionaries go on an indefinite fast.

May, 1933
Prisoners-mostly revolutionaries-at Cellular Jail, Andaman, go on an indefinite fast in protest. Extremely perturbed, Rabindranath sends a cable from Darjeeling urging them to withdraw the hunger-strike. They desist.
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Poor translation angers Sikhs

6th June, 1933
A sub-standard Urdu translation of his poem GuruGovinda which shows the Guru in a poor light angers Sikhs and leads to protest meetings. Rabindranath has a trying time convincing Sikh intellectuals that he is not at fault (Tagore's reply to Teja Singh on 9th June, 1933). The ripples will cease when he'll visit Lahore in 1935.
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An appeal to the Government from Tagore

10th June, 1933
The Times publishes an appeal to the Government for the release of Political Prisoners in India, sent by sixty prominent Indians headed by Rabindranath Tagore.
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Invitation from Gymkhana Club, Darjeeling

11th June, 1933
Gymkhana Club, Darjeeling, invites him, the poet reads his poems and their English translations, Viday Abhisap is recited and Sreemati Debi performs an exquisite dance.
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Jagadananda Ray dies

25th June, 1933
Noted teacher of the ashram vidyalaya, Jagadananda Ray dies.
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Tagore writes four poems in Darjeeling

1933
Tagore writes four poems in Darjeeling during the period May-June,1933.
  • Ashad
  • Yaksha28th May,1933
  • Bichched30th May,1933
  • Duhkhi17th June,1933
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Santiniketan

July, 1933
Back in Santiniketan.
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Celebrations

8th July, 1933
Vriksharopan and Varshamangal celebrated.
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Uday Shankar visits Santiniketan

12th July, 1933
Uday Shankar, who has already won international renown as an exponent of Indian dance, visits Santiniketan and performs before the poet.
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Backlash of Poona Pact

24th July, 1933
Resentment has grown in Bengal that the Hindus here have got a raw deal as a result of the Poona Pact. Gandhi faces flak; the poet isn't spared either because he was at Poona when the pact was hammered out. Rabindranath is embarrassed and issues a statement in self-defence which states--"...Never having experience in political dealings, while entertaining great love for Mahatmaji and complete faith in his wisdom in Indian politics I dared not wait for further consideration."
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Jatindramohan Sengupta dies

24th July, 1933
News arrives of Deshapriya Jatindramohan Sengupta's death in Ranchi. In a brief speech delivered to the residents of the ashram, poet mourns his death.
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Pens down Plays

August, 1933
Writes Tasher Desh and Chandalika. While the first is based on an early short story of his, the latter has a pertinent social message--the heroine, an untouchable herself, revolts against untouchability. In this case, too, he falls back on Rajendralal Mitra's book which has been for long years a kind of source book for him.
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Writes Kalantar

1933
Writes the essay Kalantar (Parichay , Sravana 1340)
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Performance of Tasher Desh and Chandalika

September, 1933
Tasher Desh and Chandalika are performed by a troupe of students and teachers of Santiniketan at Madan Theatre with the poet on stage on 12th, 13th and 15th September.
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Delivers a lecture

16th September, 1933
Delivers a lecture on Chhanda at Calcutta University.
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Rammohan death centenary

27th September, 1933
The daily Forward requests him for a message for the occasion. Rabindranath writes an English poem which begins--"Freedom from fear is the freedom I claim/for you my motherland…"
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Santiniketan

1933
Spends the Puja vacation here in Santiniketan. The Poet is busy writing lectures for the proposed Andhra tour.
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Tagore Week in Bombay (now Mumbai)

23rd November, 1933
Sarojini Naidu promotes a Tagore Week (Rabindra Saptaha) in Bombay. Rabindranath arrives with a large party of 45 persons which includes a troupe of Santiniketan students, to a massive and spontaneous reception at Victoria Terminus.
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Dinner in honour of the Poet

23rd November, 1933
Vice-chancellor of Bombay University gives dinner in his honour.
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Sapmochan performed

25th November, 1933
Sapmochan performed at Excelsior Theatre.
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Delivers a lecture

26th November, 1933
Delivers address The Challenge of Judgment at Regal Theatre.
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Sarojini Naidu praises the lecture

26th November, 1933
Sarojini Naidu says that the lecture should be widely disseminated because it has a message which should be broadcast over the country.
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Performance of Tasher Desh

27th November, 1933
Tasher Desh performed.
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Tasher Desh performed with added sequence.

28th November, 1933
Tasher Desh is performed again with additional songs and dance sequence.
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Felicitation from Persian Youth association

29th November, 1933
The poet is felicitated by Persian Youth Association at Atia Begum's garden palace.
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Funds gathered

November, 1933
Donations worth Rs 65000/- collected for Visva-Bharati.
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Delivers a lecture

2nd December, 1933
Delivers the address The Price of Freedomat Cowasji Jehangir Hall. Sarojini Naidu presides.
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Departs for Waltair

5th December, 1933
Leaves Bombay (now Mumbai) for Waltair.
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Delivers lectures

December, 1933
Received by Prof. Radhakrishnan, Vice-chancellor of Andhra University. Delivers Sir Krishnaswami Aiyer lectures on 8th, 9th and 10th December.
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Felicitation

9th December, 1933
Felicitated by students.
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Arrives in Hyderabad

12th December, 1933
The poet arrives in Hyderabad. Delivers Message to Youth at a garden party arranged by Osmania University.
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Speaks in a public meeting

December, 1933
Speaks on the Ideals of an Eastern University at a public meeting at Secunderabad.
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Meets the Nizam

December, 1933
Meets the Nizam of Hyderabad who had earlier donated one lakh rupees for Visva-Bharati for creating a Chair of Islamic Culture.
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Kolkata

December, 1933
Back in Kolkata.
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Speaks on Rammohan Roy

29th December, 1933
At the Senate Hall speaks on Bharatpathik Rammohan Roy--the last lecture delivered on the occasion of the death centenary of Rammohan.
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Addresses All India Women's Conference

30th December, 1933
Addresses All India Women's Conference and says--"…It is not that woman is merely seeking today her freedom of livelihood…but against man's monopoly of civilization. Woman must come into the bruised and maimed world…The union of man and woman represents a perfect co-operation in the building up of human history on equal terms in every department of life..."
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Publications

1933
Publications in 1933 include the remarkable novellas Dui Bon, Malancha and the play Bansari.
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